Physical Science Essential Questions

Physical Science

Essential Questions 2011-2012

 

1st 6 wks

 

Matter:

1.      3201.1.1 How can I tell the difference between a solid, liquid, gas, and plasma (the states of matter)?

2.      3202.1.2 How do I describe the difference between the states of matter according to their mass, volume, density, shape, and particle arrangement?

3.      3202.1.2 Can I draw the differences between the states of matter according to their mass, volume, density, shape, and particle arrangement?

4.      3202.1.3 Am I able to assign the correct units of measurement for a gas, liquid, and solid?

5.      3202.1.4 How do I calculate the density of a substance or object?

6.      3202.1.5 What is a density column and how do I construct one?

7.      3202.1.7 How can I make an experiment to separate the parts of a mixture?

8.      3202.1.18 Do I know the differences between physical and chemical changes in a lab setting

2nd 6 wks

 

9.      3202.1.8 What are the parts of an atom?

10. 3202.1.9 What is the difference between the atomic number and the mass number?

11. 3202.1.10 What are isotopes and what are they commonly used for?

12. 3202.1.12 Do I know the chemical symbols for common elements on the periodic table?

13. 3202.1.13 Do I know how to use the periodic table to find the number of protons, neutrons, and electrons in an isotope of an element?

14. 3202.1.14 Can I use the periodic table to identify the characteristics and properties of metals, non-metals, and metalloids?

15. 3202.1.15 Do I know how to label the periodic table with oxidation numbers of main group elements?

16. 3202.1.15 Can I identify elements that are likely to form ions and use that information to write chemical formulas?

17. 3202.1.16 Do I know how to identify a substance as an element or a compound based on the chemical formula or symbol?

18. 3202.1.17 Can I explain ionic and covalent bonding based on oxidation numbers of the elements in a compound?

3rd 6 wks

 

19. 3202.1.29 Do I know how to write the chemical formula of a compound using the periodic table?

20. 3202.1.19 Can I balance a simple chemical equation and identify the reactants, products, and coefficients?

21. 3202.1.20 Can I predict the product of common chemical reactions?

22. 3202.1.21 Do I know how to use models to show a chemical reaction as synthesis, decomposition, single, or double replacement?

23. 3202.1.22 Can I describe a synthesis, decomposition, single-replacement and double replacement reaction using equations?

24. 3202.1.23 How do chemical symbols in balanced chemical equations show the Law of Conservation of Mass/Energy?

25. 3202.1.24 Do I know how to observe and measure temperature changes and tell the difference between endothermic and exothermic reactions?

26. 3202.1.25 Can I conduct, analyze, and communicate the results of an experiment that shows the relationship between pressure and volume of a gas?

27. 3202.1.26 Can I conduct, analyze, and communicate the results of an experiment that shows the relationship between temperature and volume of a gas?

28. 3202.1.27 Do I know how to use instruments and indicators to tell if a substance is an acid, base, or neutral?

29. 3202.1.28 Do I know how to distinguish between acids, bases, and neutrals?

30. 3202.1.29 Do I know how to write the chemical formula of a compound using the periodic table?

4th 6 wks

Energy

31. 3202.2.6 Can I name the boiling and freezing points of water in the Celsius, Fahrenheit, and Kelvin temperature scales?

32. 3202.2.8 How are kinetic, potential, and total energy within a closed system related? (The Law of Conservation of Energy)

33. 3202.2.7 How can I design and carry out a simple activity to show the conservation of heat energy during temperature changes?

34. 3202.2.11 Why is energy conservation important?

35. 3202.2.5 What makes heat a form of energy that may be transferred between materials?

36. 3202.2.15 Can I identify different types of heat transfer as conduction, convection, or radiation?

37. 3202.2.12 What is nuclear energy and how does it affect science and society?

38. 3202.2.16 What is the difference between nuclear fission and nuclear fusion?

39. 3202.2.17 Can I solve problems regarding heat, mass, specific heat capacity and temperature change (Q=mCpΔT)

5th 6 wks

 

40. 3202.2.1 How does energy transfer through waves and particles?

41. 3202.2.2 Do I know how waves are produced and transmitted?

42. 3202.2.3 What are the characteristics of light and sound energy?

43. 3202.2.4 Can I name the similarities between the four types of wave interactions: reflection, refraction, diffraction, and interference.

44. 3202.2.4 Can I name the differences between the four types of wave interactions?

45. 3202.2.13 Can I identify waves as transverse or longitudinal?

46. 3202.2.14 What is the difference between wavelength, frequency, and amplitude?

47. 3202.2.9 Can I solve problems related to voltage, resistance, and current in a series circuit?

48. 3202.2.10 How can I use Ohm’s Law to design and build a simple circuit?

 

Motion

49. 3202.3.2 What are Newton’s three laws of motion?

50. 3202.3.3 What are three examples that illustrate Newton’s three laws of motion?

51. 3202.3.4 How could you explain an example of the Law of Conservation of Momentum?

 

6th 6wks

 

52. 3202.3.5 What is the historical development of the laws of motion?

53. 3202.3.1 What is the comparison or relationship between speed and velocity?

54. 3202.3.6 Can I construct, analyze, and interpret collected data on graphs for experiments that involve distance, speed, velocity, and time?

55. 3202.3.7 How can I solve problems related to velocity, acceleration, force, work, and power?

 

Forces of Nature

56. 3202.4.1 What is the effect of gravity on objects?

57. 3202.4.2 What is the difference between mass and weight?

58. 3202.4.3 Can I identify, design, demonstrate, and explain simple and compound machines?

59. 3202.4.4 Can I gather and analyze data and solve problems related to mechanical advantage and efficiency of simple machines?

60. 3202.4.5 Can I recognize the combinations of various simple machines found in a compound machine?